by Robert Tanner on March 5, 2012 in Solid-State Drives
SSDs are expensive and often don’t offer enough capacity to meet user needs. The recent SSD caching craze attempts to alleviate both these issues, but OCZ has done one better. Combining a RevoDrive 3 with a 1TB HDD the RevoDrive Hybrid offers a self-contained SSD caching solution that is guaranteed to work.
Originally developed by Intel, and since given to the open-source community, Iometer (pronounced “eyeawmeter”, like thermometer) is one of the best storage-testing applications available, for a couple of reasons. The first, and primary, is that it’s completely customizable, and if you have a specific workload you need to hit a drive with, you can easily accomplish it here. Also, the program delivers results in IOPS (input/output operations per second), a common metric used in enterprise and server environments.
The level of customization cannot be understated. Aside from choosing the obvious figures, like chunk sizes, you can choose the percentage of the time that each respective chunk size will be used in a given test. You can also alter the percentages for read and write, and also how often either the reads or writes will be random (as opposed to sequential). I’m just touching the surface here, but what’s most important is that we’re able to deliver a consistent test on all of our drives, which increases the accuracy in our results.
Because of the level of control Iometer offers, we’ve created profiles for three of the most popular workloads out there: Database, File Server and Workstation. Database uses chunk sizes of 8KB, with 67% read, along with 100% random coverage. File Server is the more robust of the group, as it features chunk sizes ranging from 512B to 64KB, in varying levels of access, but again with 100% random coverage. Lastly, Workstation focuses on 8KB chunks with 80% read and 80% random coverage.
Because these profiles aren’t easily found on the Web, with the same being said about the exact structure of each, we’re hosting the software here for those who want to benchmark their own drives with the exact same profiles we use. That ZIP archive (~3.5MB) includes the application and the three profiles in an .icf file.
* Results from Iometer 1.1.0
We must preface that for compatibility reasons we utilized an updated version of Iometer 2010 (RC1 1.1.0) for the Hybrid results in this test. Please keep this in mind as the results are likely not directly comparable and are for reference only.
Iometer will completely fill up the test drive, so it stands to reason the performance we see will be almost entirely just from the hard drive. Results are what we would expect from a traditional hard drive, although it is worth nothing that for a 5400RPM laptop disk drive we see performance matching, and in the Workstation scenario even exceeding that of a full speed 2TB desktop hard drive. This is pretty astonishing, but again we cannot say for sure how much the newer version of Iometer changes the weight of these numbers. That said, the increased areal density of the platters in the Toshiba drive is certainly one contributing factor.
As the name hints, AS SSD is a nifty little program written exclusively for solid-state drives. It can be run on a mechanical hard drive, but be warned what takes a few minutes will require the better part of an hour to complete! This handy tool measures sequential reads and writes in addition to the important 4KB random reads and writes, then ranks the results with a final score for quick comparisons with other SSDs.
In addition to the main test there is a secondary benchmark that simulates the type of data transferred for ISO, Program, and Game files. With version 1.6 a compression benchmark was also added although not utilized here. We selected this program for its precision, ability to generate large file sizes on the fly, and that it is written to bypass Windows 7′s automatic caching system. The tool does not bypass any onboard cache.
4K-Thrd is similar to the 4K test but spawns multiple requests; basically this tests how good the SSD is at handling multiple file actions at once, aka queue depth. Queue depth wasn’t an issue with HDDs as they were generally too slow to handle more than a few simultaneous IOPS at a time, but with SSDs it is important to have a good controller with a high queue depth.
AS SSD is a program designed exclusively for solid-state drives, but it doesn’t seem to have any trouble with the unique RevoDrive Hybrid. Performance slots in at a fairly respectable level although below that of 240-256GB flagship SSDs currently on the market. Interestingly, for the access times we see 16.4ms reads which is what we would expect from a 5400RPM mechanical hard drive, yet writes are a mere 0.25ms which suggests the SSD caching was doing its job.