by Rob Williams on August 27, 2012 in Storage
With the release of its Red hard drives, WD hasn’t only managed to scratch another color off its list, but it also gives NAS users a drive designed just for them. Beyond its NAS-specific features, Red proves to be one of the fastest drives on the market, and with its 3-year warranty, it’s without a doubt a very compelling option for NAS users.
When Western Digital first unveiled its 2TB Caviar Green drive in 2009, those who were planning on building a home server or purchase a NAS felt that they were a no-brainer choice. After all, what’s better than low-power and huge storage? Well, that was before we learned the caveats of using such drives in a NAS, or even with a RAID controller in a home server.
WD’s long-overdue solution? NAS-specific models.
One of the biggest issues WD’s Red drives remedy relates to error correction, a great feature for the desktop but one that could create a critical problem in a NAS or RAID configuration. Typical desktop drives are not designed to work with a RAID controller, resulting in both the OS and the RAID controller trying to handle errors. In the event that the OS prevents the RAID controller from doing its thing, a drive could disappear from the RAID, and could cause the controller to believe that the array needs to be rebuilt. Clearly, this is the sort of problem that could ruin your evening.
To avoid that issue, Red drives have an error recovery time set to a very low value, allowing your NAS to be in charge of handling errors (which it should be). In a similar vein, problems that arose with WD’s own Green drives in the past had to do with head-parking. With desktop drives, this is typically fine, but it’s not for NAS usage which generally demands 24/7 access. Here, WD disabled the parking entirely – but that doesn’t mean that power consumption has been worsened as a result. In fact, we’ll soon see that Red drives offer the best power consumption of any other desktop offering in WD’s line-up.
Red – WD With More QR
Because WD Red drives are designed for NAS use, it’s not recommended that they be purchased in lieu of Green drives if it’s going to be used in the desktop. With proper software tools, both the error correction and head-parking timer can be adjusted – essentially, back to Green levels.
The above features are important, but that’s not all Red brings to the table. Also here is reduced vibration (vs. Green, and well, any other WD drive), reduced power consumption, higher MTBF (mean-time between failures) vs. the Green, and compared to the also-suitable-for-NAS RE4 enterprise drives, is a bit lighter (-0.26lbs 2TB vs. 2TB).
Those features aside, let’s take a look at how the Red compares to all of the other models in WD’s line-up:
|Design Goal||Low-Power||NAS Usage||Consumer||Performance||Enthusiast|
|Interface||SATA 6Gbit/s||SATA 6Gbit/s||SATA 6Gbit/s||SATA 6Gbit/s||SATA 6Gbit/s|
|Capacities||500GB – 3TB||1TB – 3TB||80GB – 1TB||500GB – 2TB||250GB – 1TB|
|Speed||IntelliPower||IntelliPower||7,200 RPM||7,200 RPM||10,000 RPM|
|Operating Shock||65G / 2ms||65G / 2ms||30G / 2ms||30G / 2ms||65G / 2ms|
|Temperatures||0ºC – 60ºC||0ºC – 70ºC||0ºC – 60ºC||0ºC – 60ºC||5ºC – 55ºC|
|Price (Approx)||$115 (2TB)||$130 (2TB)||$90 (1TB)||$170 (2TB)||$270 (1TB)|
Like its Green drives, WD doesn’t publicly state the rotational speed for its Red drives. Instead, both models fall into the “IntelliPower” category, as they’re optimized for power efficiency. Based on math done by others in the past, it’s safe to assume that the average RPM speed during activity is 5300~5400.
Though Red drives carry a premium over the Green, I’d say the added year on the warranty makes it worth it. But to sweeten the pot, Red is more power efficient, can operate in hotter environments (actually beating out the rest of the desktop line) and perhaps best of all, is much quieter (24dBA vs. 29dBA of the Green). All in all, the Red sports great features for the price.
WD sent along five of its 2TB models, and we’ll be testing them in 1x and 4x configurations (5x is reserved for NAS testing at a later date). As these drives are targeted exclusively to the NAS market, we’ve opted to not test them in our usual storage-testing rig.
Once installed in your NAS, the drives will show up like this:
Like all 2TB drives, WD’s Red offers 1.81TB of usable storage per drive. In a RAID 5 configuration using 4 drives, the storage offered is 5.44TB, while with 5 drives, that’s boosted to 7.26TB. If you’re crazy or your NAS itself is redundant, RAID 0 will net you 9.08TB. This is based on using ext4 as the file system.
Equipped with a Thecus N5550 NAS, let’s see what WD’s Red is made of.